Volume 3, Issue 1 (1-2017)                   MLSJ 2017, 3(1): 1-9 | Back to browse issues page

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Joharchi Z. The Simurgh Myth in Shahnameh According to Barthes’s Five Main Codes. MLSJ. 2017; 3 (1) :1-9
URL: http://mls.europeansp.org/article-19-212-en.html
Ph.D of Linguistics, Islamic Azad University- West Tehran Branch, 1949663311,Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (800 Views)
Mythology is perceived as the subset of semiology and can be considered to be the subset of ideology owing to the fact that- it is historical knowledge. We meet signifier, signified and sign in mythology but as a secondary semiotic system as it is composed of semiotic chains which came into existence before it. We meet two languages in mythology first, the language that myth is established by and second the meta- language that defines the first language. Myth changes history into nature and it is a speech figured to be right. The feature of the myth is changing meaning into form. Language is the author’s tool and the text they create is analytically different from others. Text is a complicated network of codes; codes are acquired and have social and historical aspects. Roland Barthes, the French mythologist, provides a sort of fivefold classification from the codes involved in the semantic mechanism of a text. Barthes’s codes include hermeneutic, semantics, symbolic, proairetic and cultural codes. Simurgh which is Shahnameh’s mythical-legendary bird raises Zāl, Rostam is born with her tact and through her help Rostam’s wounds are healed in combat with Esfandiyār. She ensures Rostam’s victory by warning him that the only weapon that can affect Esfandiyār is a shot to his eyes. This article is intended to decode Simurgh’s performance in Shahnameh in accordance with Barthes’s fivefold classification. © 2016 The Authors. Published by European Science publishing Ltd. Selection and peer-review under responsibility of the Organizing Committee of European Science publishing Ltd.
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Type of Study: Research |
Received: 2019/08/9 | Accepted: 2019/08/9 | Published: 2019/08/9

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